Bruises form when blood vessels beneath the skin are damaged due to an impact or injury. The pooling of blood creates a discolored spot that changes color as it heals, influenced by blood flow. While most bruises are harmless and fade on their own, some individuals may bruise more easily than others, especially those with certain bleeding disorders or medical conditions.
Recognizing the signs of severe bruises is key. These signs include:
a large area of discoloration
a deep hue
frequent or unexplained bruising
In such cases, medical attention may be necessary to rule out any underlying health issues.
Different hues of a bruise in a bruised area, such as:
It can help differentiate a bleeding disorder from a more severe injury like a broken bone, which may require medical treatment. The healing process involves the repair of damaged blood vessels by the body’s blood cells, as blood pools beneath the skin due to the impact. During this process, the body breaks down and removes damaged tissue, allowing for proper healing.
Types of Bruises: Hematoma, Purpura, Petechiae, and More
Did you know that there are various types of bruises, each with unique causes and characteristics? Here are a few examples:
Hematoma bruises are caused by significant skin trauma, such as a car accident or major fall, leading to blood collecting outside of blood vessels, resulting in pain and swelling.
Purpura bruises occur when minor bleeding occurs under the skin, causing the affected area to turn blue and feel painful.
Petechiae are tiny red or purple spots that appear like bruises due to the breaking of small blood vessels beneath the skin.
As we age, our skin becomes thinner, and more blood flow is required to repair damaged blood vessels, leading to a type of bruise known as senile purpura. A black eye is a type of bruise that results from trauma around the eye area and may require medical attention if it does not improve within a few days. Although minor bruises often heal independently, monitoring for any new or persistent bruises and seeking medical advice if concerned about potential health issues is importan